Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act became a civil rights law. Discrimination against people with disabilities, in all avenues of public life including school, jobs, transportation and all private and public places that are open to the general public, is prohibited under this law. The law was established to ensure that equal rights and opportunities are afforded to individuals regardless of whether or not they have a disability. Civil rights protections are provided by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accessibility guidelines to people with disabilities similar to the protections issued to people based on race, sex, color, or religion.
The ADA guarantees equal opportunity for people with disabilities within employment, transportation, public accommodations, local and state government services and telecommunications.
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility guidelines protects the rights of “qualified individuals with disabilities in all programs, activities, and services of public entities” whether in state or local government. It calls for the modification of the administrative activities, practices, and procedures where deemed necessary to prohibit discrimination.
Learn more about ADA Title II (State and Local Government).
Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility guidelines emphasize that “reasonable modifications” must be made on existing and new private businesses in the “public accommodation” industries to prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Title III guidelines apply to privately owned, leased or operated entities such as restaurants, hotels, retail stores, golf-courses, doctor clinics, health clubs, and many more.
Learn more about ADA Title III (Public Accommodations).
Furthermore, Title IV of the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility guidelines requires telephone and Internet companies to implement a nationwide system that allows people with hearing and speech impairments to communicate over the telephone. Closed captioning of federally funded public service announcements is also required under this title, regulated by the Federal Trade Commission.